Cataracts & What to Expect?
What is a Cataract?
Cataracts develop slowly as we age. A cataract occurs when the lens in your eyes becomes cloudy. This cloudiness makes the light harder to reach the back of your eye. For example, objects become blurred, colors become dull and seeing at night becomes difficult.
If your vision can be corrected with glasses or contacts, then you will be referred to see one of our optometrists. If your vision can’t be correct with glasses or contacts, then cataract removal may be the solution. Cataract removal is when the doctor removes your clouded lens and replaces it with an artificial lens. Intraocular Lens (IOLs) is another name for artificial lenses.
Life Changing Options: Monofocal Vs. Multifocal IOLs
During your cataract consultation, you and your doctor will discuss which replacement lenses are appropriate for your lifestyle. Currently, there are two different types of lenses available, traditional and premium.
Traditional lenses, also known as Monofocal lenses, will have one point of focus. The one point of focus will usually give you clear distance vision, but you will most likely need glasses for reading.
Premium lenses, also known as Multifocal lenses, will have more than one point of focus. Multifocal lenses may correct near, far and in-between vision, which will lead to less dependency on glasses. If premium lenses are selected, then your surgery will be laser-assisted. Laser-Assisted surgery is an advanced surgery method that results in a better visual outcome.
There are two different types of multifocal lenses currently available: the diffractive multifocal IOL and refractive multifocal IOL.
- Diffractive multifocal: provides excellent reading vision and very good distance vision. The intermediate vision is acceptable. However, some patients who do lots of computer work might need to get a pair of intermediate vision glasses to make intermediate work more comfortable.
- Refractive multifocal: provides excellent intermediate and distance vision. The near vision is typically adequate but may not be sufficient to see very small print. For example, stock quotes, phonebook entries or medicine labels.
What if I have Astigmatism?
If you have astigmatism, there is a solution! Monofocal and Multifocal lenses cannot correct corneal astigmatism so your vision may still be blurred and distorted. To achieve reduced dependency from glasses and quality distance vision you have three options, AcrySof Toric IOL or Tecnis Symfony Multifocal, or the Limbal Relaxing Incision.
- AcrySof Toric IOL
- Tecnis Symfony Toric IOL
- Limbal Relaxing Incision
Cataract surgery is a simple and safe procedure that is quick and relatively pain-free. Most patients are back to their normal activities and lifestyle the very next day. The surgery does not require an overnight stay, the procedure itself takes around 30 minutes, and the whole process takes only one to two hours.
There are many possibilities available to you and here at Pacific Eye Associates, our commitment is to provide you with the best care and options. Call us to ask questions. Our talented staff is here to help you achieve better vision plus a healthier and happier life.
Email one of our representatives at email@example.com or call us at 415-923-3007, to learn more about our astigmatism options.